Civilisation & Moon And Star Symbolism
5 maart 2017 Plaats een reactie
The Dutch government is looking at legal options to stop Turkish politicians coming to the Netherlands to win support among ethnic Turks for legislation giving greater powers to president Tayyip Erdogan.
Foreign minister Mevlüt Cavusoglu is planning to hold a rally in Rotterdam on March 11 to win support for a yes vote in the Turkish referendum on amending the constitution, Dutch media said on Saturday.
Prime minister Mark Rutte has said the visit, planned for just four days before the Dutch general election, is ‘undesirable’. ‘We are not going to cooperate,’ Rutte said. ‘Dutch public spaces are not the place for other country’s political campaigns.’
Erdogan? Or Star and Crescent Spirituality?
This emblem, commonly recognized as the symbol of the Islamic faith, has actually acquired its association to the faith by association, rather than intent.
The star and crescent symbol itself is very ancient, dating back to early Sumerian civilization, where it was associated with the sun God Shamash and the moon God Nanna (one early appearance dates to 2100 BCE).
The symbol remained in near constant use, and was eventually adopted into the battle-standard of the Ottoman Dynasty, who are mainly responsible for its association with Islam. As the Dynasty was also the political head of the faith, it was inevitable that their symbol would be associated with Islam as well.
Today, the star and crescent is widely accepted as a symbol of the Islamic faith, and is used in decorative arts, jewelry, and national flags- much like the cross in Christian countries. It is associated with the use of the moon to time festivals. It is, however, not accepted by all Muslims- some Muslims consider it un-Islamic and even blasphemous
Moon & Star, Mother & Child, Compassion & Justice
“Father Nannar, lord, moon-god, prince of the gods, Father Nannar, lord of Uru, prince of the gods.
Chief, mighty, whose heart is great, god whom no one can name, In heaven, who is supreme ?
As for thee, it is thou alone who art supreme! … Among the gods thy brothers, thou hast no rival!”
Sin or Nanna was the god of the moon in the Mesopotamian mythology of Akkad, Assyria and Babylonia. Nanna is a Sumerian deity, and became identified with Semitic Sin. The two chief seats of Nanna’s/Sin’s worship were Ur in the south of Mesopotamia and Harran in the north. A moon god by the same name was also worshipped in pre-Islamic South Arabia.
Nanna was worshipped in the ziggurat of Ur. There was also a smaller temple for Ningal the moon goddess. Nanna was worshipped both by a High Priestes and priests. Great Kings throughout history from Sargon 2600 BC to Nabonidus 550 BC had their daughters officiate as high-priestess of Nanna at Ur.Both in early and in late inscriptions Shamash is designated as the “offspring of Nanna”; i.e. of the Moon-god (Jesus born of a Virgin), and in an enumeration of the pantheon, Sin generally takes precedence of Shamash.
The attribute most commonly associated with Shamash is justice. Just as the Sun disperses darkness, so Shamash brings wrong and injustice to light.
Hammurabi attributes to Shamash the inspiration that led him to gather the existing laws and legal procedures into code, and in the design accompanying the code the king represents himself in an attitude of adoration before Shamash as the embodiment of the idea of justice.
Several centuries before Hammurabi, Ur-Engur of the Ur dynasty (c. 2600 BC) declared that he rendered decisions “according to the just laws of Shamash.”